Oil Prices Fall on Interest Rate Concerns and Stronger Dollar

Oil prices fell in morning trade on Tuesday on a strong dollar and concerns about further monetary tightening by the US Federal Reserve.
Brent, the benchmark for two thirds of the world’s oil, was trading 1.05 per cent lower at $83.19 a barrel at 8.37am UAE time.
West Texas Intermediate, the gauge that tracks US crude, was up 0.08 per cent at $76.40 a barrel.
“Crude prices are falling as supplies are plentiful and as global growth concerns return as the Fed and the European Central Bank seem poised to take interest rates even further into restrictive territory,” said Edward Moya, senior market analyst at Oanda.
Last week’s US economic data pointed to stubborn inflation in the world’s largest economy, making a case for larger interest rate increases.
Earlier this month, the Fed increased interest rates by 25 basis points — the eighth increase since March 2022. It also hinted at the possibility of further rate increases in the future.
The current target range for interest rates set by the Fed is 4.5 per cent to 4.75 per cent, which is about 50 bps below the end-of-year projection of 5.1 per cent.
Markets are also awaiting the minutes of the Fed’s February policy meeting, due on Wednesday.
Meanwhile, the US Dollar Index — a measure of the value of the greenback against a weighted basket of major currencies — was up 0.19 per cent at 104.06.
A stronger dollar makes oil more expensive for holders of other currencies.
On Monday, the Saudi Arabia’s Energy Minister said the OPEC+ group of 23 oil-producing countries could alter its output policy if market conditions changed.
“We are flexible enough to adjust OPEC+ decisions if needed,” Prince Abdulaziz bin Salman said at a conference in the kingdom, according to a Bloomberg report.
At its meeting this month, the group agreed to stick to existing production output cuts of 2 million barrels per day.
However, the belief that OPEC+ can keep prices supported “wherever they want is waning as global growth outlooks take a turn for the worse”, said Mr Moya.
“As long as supplies seem ample, OPEC+ will be playing catch-up to keep the market tight.”
Global oil demand climbed in December by 1.3 million bpd to hit a record, driven by rising consumption in Japan, Indonesia and South Korea, according to data from the Joint Organisations Data Initiative (Jodi).
Meanwhile, global crude production in the month declined by 274,000 bpd to a five-month low, led by losses in the US and the UK, Jodi said.
On Tuesday, the International Monetary Fund said that although there are continuing challenges for regional economies such as China due to the slowing global momentum, the easing of economic headwinds was a positive sign pointing to a stronger recovery in Asia this year.
Economies in the Asia-Pacific region are set to grow by 4.7 per cent this year, up from 3.8 per cent in 2022, the fund has said.
The global economy is expected to experience growth of 2.9 per cent in the current year, following a 3.4 per cent expansion in 2022, according to IMF’s Economic Outlook released in January.
The American Petroleum Institute is expected to publish its weekly US crude inventories report today.

About Parvin Faghfouri Azar

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