Russian Energy Firm’s Subsidiaries Seized in Germany

Berlin took control of the German operations of Russian oil firm Rosneft to secure energy supplies which have been disrupted after Moscow’s offensive in Ukraine.
Rosneft’s German subsidiaries, which account for about 12 percent of oil refining capacity in the country, were placed under trusteeship of the Federal Network Agency, the economy ministry said in a statement.
“The trust management will counter the threat to the security of energy supply,” it said.
Chancellor Olaf Scholz said his government “did not take this action lightly but it was inevitable” for the “protection of our country”.
The seizures come as Germany is scrambling to wean itself off its dependence on Russian fossil fuels, while Moscow has stopped natural gas deliveries to Germany via the Nord Stream 1 pipeline.
High fears
The move covers the companies Rosneft Deutschland GmbH (RDG) and RN Refining & Marketing GmbH (RNRM) and thereby their corresponding stakes in three refineries: PCK Schwedt, MiRo and Bayernoil.
Fears had been running high particularly for PCK Schwedt, which is close to the Polish border and supplies around 90 percent of the oil used in Berlin and the surrounding region, including Berlin-Brandenburg international airport.
The region could have “found itself in a position, due to the refinery in Schwedt, where security of supply was no longer a given”, Economy Minister Robert Habeck said at a press conference.
Sufficient supply
The refineries’ operations had been disrupted as the German government decided to slash Russian oil imports, with an aim to halt them completely by year’s end.
By taking control of the sites, the German authorities can then run the refining operations using crude from countries other than Russia.
New supplies of oil for Schwedt have been shipped in via the northeastern port of Rostock, with plans to also tap supplies imported through the Polish city of Gdansk.
The government plans to “strengthen” the pipeline between the Schwedt refinery and Rostock, while advancing discussions with officials in Warsaw about establishing a link — an option which was not available “so long as it was possible that any profits would go to Rosneft, to Russia”, said Habeck.
In early April, Germany also took the unprecedented step of temporarily taking control of Gazprom’s German subsidiary, after an opaque transfer of ownership of the company set alarm bells ringing in Berlin.

About Parvin Faghfouri Azar

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